Fruit and vegetable consumption statistics

In 2011, almost two thirds (63.9%) of Australians aged 30-65 years perceived what they usually eat to be healthy. Three in ten (29.7%) found their diet to be neither healthy nor unhealthy while just six per cent found their diet to be unhealthy. (1)

Fruit and vegetable intake

In 2011/12, almost half (48.5%) or 8 million Australians aged 18 years and over reported that they consumed two or more serves of fruit per day (the recommended daily intake), while 8.2% or 1.3 million met the guideline for daily vegetable intake.

Taking both guidelines into account, only 5.5% of Australian adults had an adequate usual daily intake of fruit and vegetables. Women were more likely to meet both guidelines than men (6.5% and 4.5%, respectively).

Fruit intake by age and gender (2)
  Male Female Total
18–24 38.7% 44.4% 41.4%
25–34 36.8% 47.7% 42.2%
35–44 38.2% 45.9% 42.0%
45–54 44.3% 52.7% 48.5%
55–64 48.7% 62.2% 55.6%
65–74 52.9% 66.0% 59.6%
75–85 61.2% 67.8% 64.8%
85+ 59.4% 60.3% 59.9%
Total 43.5% 53.4% 48.5%
Vegetable intake by age and gender (2)
  Male Female Total
18–24 4.8% 6.0% 5.3%
25–34 5.6% 5.8% 5.8%
35–44 5.9% 9.1% 7.6%
45–54 6.8% 11.0% 9.0%
55–64 9.2% 12.2% 10.7%
65–74 9.6% 13.2% 11.4%
75–85 7.7% 7.8% 9.6%
85+ 7.7% 9.4% 11.1%
Total 7.0% 9.4% 8.2%

Fruit and vegetable intake over time

In the past ten years, the proportion of Australians 18 years and over not meeting the recommended daily intake (RDI) for fruit and vegetables has increased significantly.

Inadequate fruit intake over time (2)
  2001 2004/05 2007/08 2012
Inadequate fruit intake (total) 47.3% 46.1% 48.7% 51.6%
Inadequate fruit intake (males) 52.8% 52.1% 53.9% 56.4%
Inadequate fruit intake (females) 42.0% 40.2% 43.6% 46.7%
Inadequate vegetable intake over time (2)
  2004/05 2007/08 2012
Inadequate vegetable intake (total) 86.1% 91.2% 91.9%
Inadequate vegetable intake (males) 87.9% 92.7% 92.9%
Inadequate vegetable intake (females) 84.2% 89.9% 90.6%

Fruit and vegetable intake by location

In 2011/12, the proportion of Australians 18 years and over meeting the RDI for fruit was highest in ACT (53.2%) and lowest in TAS (43.1%) and the NT (42.4%).

In contrast, the proportion of Australians 18 years and over meeting the RDI for vegetables was highest in TAS (13.9%) and lowest in QLD (7.0%) and the NT (6.3%).

Fruit and vegetable intake by location (2)
  % Meeting fruit RDI % Meeting vegetable RDI
Australian Capital Territory 53.2% 7.5%
New South Wales 50.6% 8.2%
Northern Territory 42.4% 6.3%
Queensland 47.9% 7.0%
South Australia 46.1% 10.0%
Tasmania 43.1% 13.9%
Victoria 46.1% 8.4%
Western Australia 49.4% 8.7%

Socio-demographic status

In 2011/12, Australians aged 18 and over living in major cities, being unemployed and amongst the highest disadvantaged group were slightly more likely not to meet the RDI for fruit and vegetables, compared to their counterparts.

Fruit and vegetable intake by socio-demographic status (2)
    % Inadequate fruit and vegetable intake
Country of birth Australia
Born overseas
94.0%
95.3%
Main language spoken at home English
Language other than English
94.1%
96.7%
Labour force

Employed
Unemployed

95.0%
97.7%
Index of disadvantage

Highest disadvantaged
Lowest disadvantaged

96.2%
93.3%
Remoteness Major cities
Regional and remote
95.3%
92.1%

References

  1. Heart Foundation. Relevance Survey 2011
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Health Survey 2011/12.

Share this

@BrentToderian contemplates Brisbane City design priorities #MoveMoreSitLess pic.twitter.com/UJNdNsTX1k